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Microsoft is presently submerging servers into liquid baths to improve performance and energy efficiency



Microsoft is beginning to submerge its servers in liquid to improve their performance and energy efficiency. A rack of servers is presently being utilized for production loads in what resembles a liquid bath. This immersion process has existed in the business for a couple of years at this point, yet Microsoft claims it’s “the first cloud provider that is running two-phase immersion cooling in a production environment.”

The cooling works by totally submerging server racks in a uniquely designed non-conductive liquid. The fluorocarbon-based liquid works by removing heat as it straightforwardly hits components and the fluid reaches at a lower boiling point (122 degrees Fahrenheit or 50 degrees Celsius) to condense and fall back into the bath as a raining liquid. This makes a shut circle cooling framework, lessening costs as no energy is expected to move the fluid around the tank, and no chiller is required for the condenser by the condenser either.

“It’s essentially a bath tub,” explains Christian Belady, vice president of Microsoft’s data center advanced development group, in an interview with The Verge. “The rack will lie down inside that bath tub, and what you’ll see is boiling just like you’d see boiling in your pot. The boiling in your pot is at 100 degrees Celsius, and in this case it’s at 50 degrees Celsius.”

This kind of liquid cooling has been utilized by cryptominers lately to dig for bitcoin and other cryptographic forms of money. This technique enlivened Microsoft to preliminary its utilization throughout the last few years, utilizing it to test against spikes of cloud interest and concentrated jobs for applications like machine learning.

Most data centers are air cooled at the present time, utilizing outside air and cooling it by dropping it to temperatures under 35 degrees Celsius utilizing vanishing. This is known as marsh cooling, yet it utilizes a ton of water simultaneously. This new fluid shower strategy is intended to lessen water use. “It potentially will eliminate the need for water consumption in data centers, so that’s a really important thing for us,” says Belady. “It’s really all about driving less and lower impact for wherever we land.”

This tub of servers additionally permits Microsoft to all the more tightly pack hardware together, which ought to lessen the measure of space needed in the long haul contrasted with traditional air cooling. Microsoft is testing this at first with a little inside creation responsibility, with plans to utilize it all the more extensively later on. “It’s in a small data center, and we’re looking at one rack’s worth,” says Belady. “We have a whole phased approach, and our next phase is pretty soon with multiple racks.”

Microsoft will be basically studying the reliability implications of this new cooling and what kinds of burst responsibilities it could even assist with for cloud and AI interest. “We expect much better reliability. Our work with the Project Natick program a few years back really demonstrated the importance of eliminating humidity and oxygen from an environment,” explains Belady.

Project Natick saw Microsoft sink a whole server farm to the lower part of the Scottish ocean, plunging 864 workers and 27.6 petabytes of capacity into the water. The investigation was a triumph, and Microsoft had only one-eighth the disappointment pace of a land-based server farm. “What we’re expecting with immersion is a similar trend, because the fluid displaces the oxygen and the humidity, and both of those create corrosion … and those are the things that create failure in our systems,” says Belady

A piece of this work is likewise identified with Microsoft’s environmental pledge to tackle water scarcity. The organization has resolved to replenish much more water than it utilizes for its worldwide activities by 2030. This includes Microsoft utilizing an on location water assortment framework at its workplaces and gathering buildup from forced air systems to water plants. All things considered, Microsoft pulled out almost 8 million cubic meters of water from city frameworks and other neighborhood sources in 2019, contrasted with somewhat more than 7 million out of 2018.

Microsoft’s push to address its water utilization will be amazingly difficult given its pattern toward more water use, yet projects like two-stage drenching will absolutely help if it’s carried out more extensively. “Our goal is to get to zero water usage,” says Belady. “That’s our metric, so that’s what we’re working towards.”


Windows 11 will be available through a free upgrade



Microsoft officially disclosed Windows 11 today, and the software maker is committing to make it a free upgrade for Windows 10 clients. Similar as how Windows 10 was free for Windows 7 and Windows 8 clients, this new Windows 11 version will be free for existing Windows 10 clients.

All you’ll require is a PC that meets the minimum hardware requirements for Windows 11, which is presently a 64-bit CPU, 4GB of RAM, and 64GB of capacity. Windows 11 will be conveyed through Windows Update similarly as Windows 10 updates have been made accessible beforehand.

Windows 11 will incorporate another UI, with a Start menu overhaul, performance improvements, and updates to improve performing multiple tasks. It even incorporates admittance to Android applications through Amazon’s Appstore.

They weren’t anticipating that Microsoft should charge individuals to refresh to Windows 11, especially as the organization makes the vast majority of its Windows income through commercial and OEM licenses. All things considered, it’s uplifting news for customers with Windows 10 devices that the following adaptation of Windows 11 will be available free of charge.

While Microsoft hasn’t shared a precise release date, the organization says “Windows 11 will be available through a free upgrade for eligible Windows 10 PCs and on new PCs beginning this holiday.”

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Blockchain in Healthcare Use Cases



Blockchain technology is garnering widespread adoption and inclusion in every industrial sector. Despite acquiring immense popularity through the financial sphere, it has a variety of opportunities that has created a huge hype around the healthcare industry, encompassing everything from research and logistics to relations between practitioners and their patients.

As the healthcare sphere directly impacts the quality of our lives, it has to be a prime priority in terms of digital transformation through blockchain. As a result, healthcare organizations are looking to partner with blockchain consultants to facilitate the adoption of this technology in healthcare projects.

Research and Markets predict that the global blockchain technology market in the healthcare industry is expected to exceed $500 million with a CAGR of 61.4% by 2022. According to IDC, 55% of all healthcare applications will employ blockchain for commercial purposes by 2025.

There are numerous ways through which Blockchain technology in healthcare can yield positive results for the industry. Let’s know how blockchain intertwines with healthcare through the following use-cases.

  • Drug Traceability

Counterfeit drugs are a major issue in the pharmaceutical industry. Bussinseese associated with healthcare is vulnerable to lose colossal funds due to counterfeiting drugs. Also, fake drugs can kill patients. Data remains unalterable on the blockchain. It becomes easier to discern the fraudulent activity, identify real prescriptions from the fake ones along with the source of drugs. It is because the data remains unalterable until prescription issuance or drug distribution is introduced. Hence, it can bring about positive results of blockchain, thereby preventing and tracing the misused drugs.

  • Patient Data Management and Sharing

The Healthcare system often struggles with data siloes, which implies that patients and their care providers lack complete medical histories. The blockchain empowers the data management system to store overall medical records, including diagnosis, previous treatment regimens, examination results and even the measurements noted by personal smart devices. Thus, patients and doctors can always access medical data and treatment details without allowing any third party like an insurance company to get the information. 

  • Tracking Clinical Trials and Research
    Clinical trials involve multiple parties like study subjects, study sponsors, drug manufacturers, medical device providers, doctors, analysts, researchers, etc. A medical trial needs privacy with secured data exchange. Incorporating blockchain in clinical trials will result in time-stamping of all documents for safe storage. These documents consist of project proposals, research design, surveys, blood tests, and informed consent of the participating parties. Blockchain can add credibility to the research performed, as every document on the blockchain becomes verifiable, reduces audit costs and the possibility of theft datasets. 
  • Supply Chain Management

The healthcare supply chain is a complex process due to heavy regulations and challenging quality control and compliance. Using blockchain can overcome all these logistical issues, thereby imparting smooth functioning of the overall industry. The interoperability between blockchain networks results in drug traceability from the manufacturer to the end consumer. The immutable nature of blockchain ensures easy tracking, quality control and compliant levels.

  • Incentivization Through Micropayments

Blockchain also plays a crucial role in facilitating health data monetization for people willing to share their medical data for research purposes in return for a financial reward. Blockchain can then store their health information and facilitate transactions via cryptocurrency payments. Also, micropayments are value-based models that can reward patients if they follow doctors’ advice and prescribed lifestyles. Blockchain’s smart contracts enable these micropayments to encourage patient behavior and offer incentives to pursue a specific care plan or exchange data concerning treatment, review and reach the patient from time to time.

  • Improvised Billing Audatability

The existing processes are inadequate in detecting intentional and unintentional fraudulent activities related to billing. These cases may arise due to human mistakes, overdue payments, and fraud committed with stolen patient identities. Blockchain can go miles towards improving billing transactions by minimizing denied claims, quickly reporting underpayments, reducing human errors and eliminating blatant theft.

  • Tracking Service Flow

The flow of medical services could arise various issues concerning insurance, claims and donations. Insurance frauds like under treatment or overtreatment can claim lives and spill into billions of dollars. Donations may wind up in the wrong hands with financial mishaps due to a lack of transparency in the existing systems. With blockchain, smart contracts can remove all unwanted intermediaries in insurance and claiming processes. When a patient undergoes a process covering insurance, the smart contracts get triggered to transfer money from payer to care providers.

  • Credentialing and Verification

Blockchain acts as a trustworthy database and can be used as a credential verification system for medical institutions on hiring a physician, practitioner or medical staff. Checking the candidate’s name in a blockchain incorporated system will ensure the relevant experience, licenses and competency to work with patients. Blockchain being tamper-proof and immutable can eliminate the possibility of fake documents. Also, the information about the drug’s origin will ensure the quality provided by the registered pharmacy licensed to produce medicines.

Blockchain technology and healthcare make a promising match, where one of them deals with sensitive information and the other safeguards it with secured data sharing. Leveraging blockchain use cases in healthcare showcases plentiful benefits, which will foster the improvement of the entire healthcare ecosystem.

With such growing traction, various blockchain companies have marked their involvement in healthcare. Choosing a leading blockchain development company can assist you in approaching your desired blockchain-powered solution. Combining the experience and expertise in custom healthcare software development, you can build customized solutions including mHealth apps, patient engagement and monitoring softwares and EHR (Electronic Health Records)softwares for streamlining the medical workflows with emerging technologies.

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Google Messages presently allows you to change font size in conversation threads for Android



From rolling out end-to-end encryption to the upcoming ability to star messages, Google’s RCS/SMS customer has seen various feature additions recently. You would now be able to pinch-to-zoom to change the font size in Google Messages for Android.

The usefulness is very clear and starts by opening any thread. Pinching-out with two fingers increments most content in the current window, however the application bar remains something very similar. All timestamps and message bubbles change as needs be, remembering the brief and any entered text for the form field. Symbols, similar to contact avatars and the send button, and menus stay static.

There are a few augmentations, and you can pinch-in to return to the default size. Clients can’t change text size while the console is open. The current text dimension applies to all discussion strings, however the primary list view is unchanged.

Before, those that required bigger text in Google Messages needed to head head into system settings and adjust font and/or display size, along these lines affecting the whole device. This is a decent application level implementation. All things considered, while change is natural, it’s very covered up.

This capacity to change the text dimension in Google Messages just became exposed today and has been a long-running request for a few. It’s anything but clear what version empowered it, however the change is accessible on current versions, including the most recent 8.3.026 beta.

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