World Sickle Cell Day 2019: Key Facts, Theme, History and Symptoms of this disease

World Sickle Cell Day is celebrated with the help of Government, non-government organisations and different Health agencies. This day give individuals a superior thought regarding the sickle cell disease. Government compose a few battles to urge individuals to focus on the sickle cell disease for their legitimate fix and security for the general population who are not suffering from it.

What is Sickle Cell Disease?

Sickle cell disease or sickle cell anaemia is an inherited form of anaemia in which red blood cells are not able to carry adequate oxygen throughout the body. Let us tell you that in normal condition red blood cells are flexible and round. They move easily in the blood vessels. But in sickle cell disease or anaemia, the red blood cells become rigid, sticky and become like sickle shape or crescent moon. As a result these irregular shaped cells get stuck in small blood vessels, which slow the flow of blood or block blood flow and reduce oxygen to reach the parts of the body.

World Sickle Cell Day: History

World Sickle Cell Day was organised by United Nation as General Assembly in 2008 to raise the mindfulness about the sickle cell disease and the agony that individuals go for the duration of the life. On 19 June, 2009, it was first time celebrated. These days, sickle cell illness has turned into a typical hereditary malady that spread all around the globe. In this manner, it is necessary to cure through the fast awareness campaign, curable activities, early diagnosis and management. Even, World Health Organisation promotes several activities in the world to resolve the issue of haemoglobin dysfunction.

As per the statistics, consistently in excess of 1000 children are taking birth with sickle cell disease in the Africa and getting die as long as five years old. In the United States more than 90,000 to 100,000 individuals are influenced with this disease. Not only this, even in the countries like India, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Arabic peninsula, Brazil, Surinam, Guiana, Southern Italy, Greece etc. people are suffering from sickle cell anaemia. No doubt it is big health issue which is to be resolved or to take control over it for healthy future of the nation. Due to Sickle Cell disease, the premature child death has been raised in the world.

Sickle Cell Anemia: Key Facts

– The disease is depicted as sickle because the red blood cells are sickle or crescent-shaped and anaemia means lack of blood.

– Sickle cell anaemia disease influences a huge number of individuals around the globe.

– Sickle cell anaemia disease is inherited and not contagious.

– There is no definitive cure for sickle cell anaemia. However, it can be prevented by the pre-marital screening.

– Let us tell you that there is a difference sickle cell anaemia and iron-deficiency anaemia.

– Do you realize that like any sound individuals, patients experiencing sickle cell weakness don’t build up any sort of indications?

In this way, World Sickle Cell Day is celebrated by discharging booklet, blurbs, featuring the various parts of sickle cell disease. Plus, this few rivalries are additionally sorted out by the organised like “Healthy Child” competition along with felicitation of senior citizens affected by sickle cell disease.

World Sickle Cell Day is seen to spread mindfulness among individuals around the world about the sickle cell anaemia disease and its treatment methods. It is an inherited genetic abnormality of haemoglobin in which the oxygen carrying protein found in red blood cells.

The signs and symptoms of this disease are as follows:

1. Loss of red blood cells: Characteristic of sickle cell anaemia, the red cells lose their round circle like shape, to turn into much progressively like sickles because of an absence of hemoglobin in the body. In addition to the fact that this makes the cells more fragile, however it likewise makes them less adaptable and stiffer. This reduces the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood.

2. Random pains: The agonies happening in various pieces of the body frequently turned out to be unusual. This is because of the blood vessels getting blocked and a lack of oxygen in that part of the body. If the body isn’t able to harness all the oxygen it needs, it will prioritise, and certain parts of the body will not get sufficient oxygen. This causes acute pains.

3. Fatigue and breathlessness: It is very normal for those suffering from sickle cell anaemia to experience extreme tiredness, weakness and an overall lack of energy. This is primarily due to the lack of oxygen supply to the body to break down for energy.

4. Jaundice: The white of the eyes, and the skin turns yellowish. This is on the grounds that, a sickle cell dies far speedier and quicker than an ordinary cell. As the liver endeavors to separate the dead cells, a side-effect called Bilirubin develops, causing the yellow colour.

5. Urinary issues: Infections are regular among patients of this disease. They may face inconvenience in the creation of urine (thought or weaken) and there have been a few examples of blood in the urine as well. The bladder and urinary tract must be regularly tested for the breeding of infections.

6. Inflammation: As blood vessels get blocked, either by dead sickle cells, or just an overall lack of red blood cells and oxygen supply, the body parts tend to swell up. This inflammation often occurs in the fingers and toes of the infected individual. This also causes tissue damage in the inflamed part of the body.

The treatments for this ailment shift by seriousness. No fix exists, however its effects can be slowed down with medical help. We urge you to spread awareness about this disease among your friends, family and colleagues and seek out ways in which you can help and contribute.